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Angola Geography


Angola is located on the west coast of Africa, south of the equator. Angola is slightly less than twice the size of Texas, with a total area of 1,246,700 km² (481,353 mi²), including the exclave of Cabinda (7,270 km²/2,810 mi²), which is surrounded by the Congo DR (formerly Zaire) and the Congo Republic. Angola proper extends 1,758 km (1,092 mi) southeast to northwest, and 1,491 km (926 mi) northeast to southwest; Cabinda extends 166 km (103 mi) north-northeast to south-southwest and 62 km (39 mi) east-southeast to west-northwest. Angola proper is bounded on the north and northeast by the Congo DR, on the southeast by Zambia, on the south by Namibia (South West Africa), and on the west by the Atlantic Ocean. Its total boundary length, including Cabinda's, is 5,198 km (3,233 mi).

Topographically, Angola consists mainly of broad tablelands above 1,000 m (3,300 ft) in altitude; a high plateau (planalto) in the centre and south ranges up to 2,400 m (7,900 ft). The highest point in Angola is Mt. Moco, at 2,620 m (8,596 ft), in the Huambo region; other major peaks are Mt. Mejo (2,583 m/8,474 ft), in the Benguela region, and Mt. Vavéle (2,479 m/8,133 ft), in Cuanza Sul.

Rivers are numerous, but few are navigable. There are three types of rivers in Angola: constantly fed rivers (such as the Zaire River), seasonally fed rivers, and temporary rivers and streams. Only the Cuanza, in central Angola, and the Zaire, in the north, are navigable by boats of significant size.

Angola's climate varies considerably from the coast to the central plateau and even between the north coast and the south coast. The north, from Cabinda to Ambriz, has a damp, tropical climate. The zone that begins a little to the north of Luanda and extends to Namibe, the Malanje region, and the eastern strip have a moderate tropical climate. Damp conditions prevail south of Namibe, dry conditions in the central plateau zone, and a desert climate in the southern strip between the plateau and the frontier with Namibia. There are two seasons: a dry, cool season from June to late September, and a rainy, hot season from October to April or May. The average temperature is 20°C (68°F); temperatures are warmer along the coast and cooler on the central plateau. The Benguela Current makes the coastal regions arid or semiarid. The annual rainfall is only 5 cm (2 in) at Namibe, 34 cm (13 in) at Luanda, and as high as 150 cm (59 in) in the northeast.


Location :
Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Namibia and Democratic Republic of the Congo

Geographic coordinates :
12 30 S, 18 30 E

Map references :

Area :
total: 1,246,700 sq km
land: 1,246,700 sq km
water: 0 sq km

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