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Angola Transportations


According to Portuguese estimates, there were 72,323 km of roads at the time of independence (1975), of which only 8,371 km were paved, all-weather highways. In the mid-1980s, these figures had increased to perhaps 80,000 km, but by 2002 had fallen back to 76,626 km, of which 19,156 km were paved. The government estimated that the renovation of the road system will take until early in the 21st century to complete. In 2000, there were 117,200 passenger cars and 118,300 commercial vehicles.

The rail network had a total extension in 2010 of 2,764 km, of which 2,641 km were 1.067-m-gauge track. There was limited trackage in use because land mines were still in place from the civil war. There are three main railway lines, the Luando, Namibe, and Benguela railways, all of which experienced service disruptions as a result of the civil war. The Luanda railway connects the national capital with the provincial capital of Malanje in the north. The Namibe railway, which theoretically runs from Angola's port of Namibe to the provincial capital of Menongue in the south, formerly hauled an average of 6 million tons of iron ore a year from the Kassinga mines. The Benguela railway was formerly the main exit route for Zairian and Zambian copper, extending through the country from the port of Benguela to the border with the Congo DR. As of 1991, service had resumed between Lobito and Huambo. By mid-1992, normal passenger traffic resumed from Lobito to Ganda. East of Ganda, however, the route was still severely damaged, with at least 75 bridges in serious disrepair. The Southern African Development Coordination Conference could not obtain the estimated $600 million in funds needed to repair the entire line, so a modest partial repair of the section from Lobito to Kuito was approved, for an estimated cost of $17 million.

The merchant marine had seven ships of 1,000 GRT or over in 2010.

Angola had a total of 193 airports in 2010, 31 of which had paved runways. There is an international airport at Luanda. International and domestic services are maintained by Transportes Aéreos de Angola (TAAG), Air France, Air Namibe, Sabena, South African Airways, TAP (Portugal) and several regional carriers. In 2001, 193,300 passengers were carried by domestic and international carriers. There are airstrips for domestic transport at Benguela, Cabinda, Huambo, Namibe and Catumbela (near Lobito).


Airports :
193 (2010)

Airports - with paved runways :
total: 31
over 3,047 m: 5
2,438 to 3,047 m: 9
1,524 to 2,437 m: 13
914 to 1,523 m: 4 (2010)

Airports - with unpaved runways :
total: 162
over 3,047 m: 2
2,438 to 3,047 m: 4
1,524 to 2,437 m: 31
914 to 1,523 m: 78
under 914 m: 47 (2010)

Pipelines :
gas 2 km; oil 87 km (2010)

Railways :
total: 2,764 km
narrow gauge: 2,641 km 1.067-m gauge; 123 km 0.600-m gauge (2010)

Roadways :
total: 51,429 km
paved: 5,349 km
unpaved: 46,080 km (2001)

Waterways :
1,300 km (2010)

Merchant marine :
total: 7
by type: cargo 1, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 3, roll on/roll off 1
foreign-owned: 1 (Spain 1)
registered in other countries: 15 (Bahamas 5, Liberia 1, Malta 7, former Netherlands Antilles 2) (2010)

Ports and terminals :
Cabinda, Lobito, Luanda, Namibe





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